Though Italy had become the essential place for Renaissance art, the monarchs in Europe helped to spread the Renaissance style, and artists moved around and spread their ideas. German Renaissance artists include Matthias Grünewald and Albrecht Dürer.
Grünewald preferred the dreams and visions of Gothic art. His painting The Small Crucifixion provided a visual sermon. It shows the agony and pain of Christ's death. Christ's body is sickly yellow against a black backdrop. The whole painting expresses intense pain and sorrow. Some people were said to have fainted upon seeing it.